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Full text of "Rapid Population Growth Consequences And Policy Implications"

Birth interval: and child development, 180, 187, 405-6, 440-44; and infant-child mortality, 434-40; and family planning, 618, 633
Birth order, 181
Birth rates: age-sex specific, 131, 171, 648, 651-75; decline in, 133, 145, 641, 645-46; through demographic transition, 114-17, 131-33, 139-40; in developed countries, 108-9, 124; in developing countries, 108-9, 124-31, 485; effects of changes in, 639-75; effect of family planning programs on, 618-20; goals to lower, 202-3; increases in, 368, 646; policy decisions on, 640; at stationary level, 639-40, 648-51; by world regions, 327, 373, 374-76. See also Fertility; Population growth
Black militants, 545, 553-56, 558, 612
Black Muslims, 546, 552, 553
Brazil, 113,129,257,506,514,589
Bulgaria, 137-38,494,499,520
Caldwell, John D., 278, 279, 283, 284, 288,289,297-98,306
Calhoun, John B., 58 8
Cameroon, 642
Canada: agriculture in, 256, 260; demographic patterns in, 133, 644, 662, 672
Capital: as factor input, 175-79, 191, 247, 254; and fertility decline, 650-51; and rapid population growth, 167, 193, 194,204,205,245
Catholicism. See Roman Catholics
Census, 120, 127, 308, 641; conflicts over, 598-99
Central African Republic, 642
Ceylon, 108, 130, 143-44, 649
Child labor, and family-size norms, 152, 154, 163, 164, 264, 266,610,619, 625, 633
Children: average number born, 115-17; costs and benefits of, 149-54, 164-65, 263, 492-93, 610, 619, 621-25, 633; costs of educating, 352-53, 355; exploitation of, 152, 216, 264; government subsidy of, 619; health of, 390-91; nonpecuniary rewards from, 149-51, 165, 625-26, 629, 632; parent demand for, 154-61, 211; welfare of, 501, 618, 624. See also Education; Family size
Chile: abortion in, 370, 481, 484, 486-89, 493, 496-97, 499, 506, 509-11, 513, 522; attitudes on family planning in, 559; demographic patterns in, 130, 140n, 279, 486, 282-83
China, People's Republic of, 109, 113, 114, 373, 589; abortion in, 481, 486, 517; agriculture in, 246, 257, 262; fertility in, 129-30,143-44
China, Republic of (Taiwan): abortion in, 494, 495, 501; agriculture in, 256-58, 260, 261, 263; demographic patterns in, 129, 137-38, 574, 645, 664; family planning in, 161-64, 168
Cities: inner, 588; resource-environment aspects of, 222-23, 238, 242. See also Migration, rural-urban; Urbanization
Clark, Colin, 248
Colombia, 161-64, 499, 506, 542
Commercial revolution, 105
Communication, 139, 218, 631. See also Information and education
Communism, 126, 571, 574
Compulsory population control: and freedom, 625-29; and justice, 624-25; as last resort, 627-28
Conception control, 118, 119. See also Contraception
Conservation. See Environment; Resources
Conservatism, 581
Consumer behavior theory, 150, 152
Consumer surplus, 213, 265
Consumption, 127, 151-53, 166n, 224
Contraception, 176, 218, 353, 371; oral, 120, 385, 389, 507, 618; research on, 119-20, 121. See also Abortion; Birth control; Family planning programs
Costa Rica, 108, 130, 133, 141, 646
Cuba, 129, 130, 140
Czechoslovakia, 484, 496, 503, 520, 522, 523
Death rates: age-specific, 170, 640, 651-75; through demographic transition, 115; in developed countries, 108-10; in developing countries, 108-10, 327-28; effects of changes in, 639-75; as influence on birth rates, 161-62, 164; policy decisions on, 640; rural-urban, 463-66; by world region, 327, 373, 374-76. See also Infant-child mortality; Mortality